Found 4 results
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Filters: Keyword is Solar coronal heating  [Clear All Filters]
Authors: Mondal Surajit, Oberoi Divya, and Mohan Atul
Title: First Radio Evidence for Impulsive Heating Contribution to the Quiet Solar Corona

This Letter explores the relevance of nanoflare-based models for heating the quiet Sun corona. Using meterwave data from the Murchison Widefield Array, we present the first successful detection of impulsive emissions down to flux densities of ∼mSFU, about two orders of magnitude weaker than earlier attempts. These impulsive emissions have durations ≲1 s and are present throughout the quiet solar corona. The fractional time occupancy of these impulsive emissions at a given region is ≲10%. The histograms of these impulsive emissions follow a power-law distribution and show signs of clustering at small timescales. Our estimate of the energy that must be dumped in the corona to generate these impulsive emissions is consistent with the coronal heating requirements. Additionally, the st. . .
Date: 06/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L39 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8817 Available at:
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Authors: Whittlesey Phyllis L., Larson Davin E., Kasper Justin C., Halekas Jasper, Abatcha Mamuda, et al.
Title: The Solar Probe ANalyzers—Electrons on the Parker Solar Probe

Electrostatic analyzers of different designs have been used since the earliest days of the space age, beginning with the very earliest solar-wind measurements made by Mariner 2 en route to Venus in 1962. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission, NASA’s first dedicated mission to study the innermost reaches of the heliosphere, makes its thermal plasma measurements using a suite of instruments called the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) investigation. SWEAP’s electron PSP Analyzer (Solar Probe ANalyzer-Electron (SPAN-E)) instruments are a pair of top-hat electrostatic analyzers on PSP that are capable of measuring the electron distribution function in the solar wind from 2 eV to 30 keV. For the first time, in situ measurements of thermal electrons provided by SPAN-E will . . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 74 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370 Available at:
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Authors: Telloni Daniele, Giordano Silvio, and Antonucci Ester
Title: On the Fast Solar Wind Heating and Acceleration Processes: A Statistical Study Based on the UVCS Survey Data

The UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory has almost continuously observed, throughout the whole solar cycle 23, the UV solar corona. This work addresses the first-ever statistical analysis of the daily UVCS observations, performed in the O VI channel, of the northern polar coronal hole, between 1.5 and 3 R , during the period of low solar activity from 1996 April to 1997 December. The study is based on the investigation, at different heights, of the correlation between the variance of the O VI 1031.92 Å spectral line and the O VI 1031.92, 1037.61 Å doublet intensity ratio, which are proxies of the kinetic temperature of the O5+ ions and of the speed of the oxygen component of the fast solar wind, respectiv. . .
Date: 08/2019 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L36 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab3731 Available at:
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Authors: Scudder J. D.
Title: The Long-standing Closure Crisis in Coronal Plasmas

Coronal and solar wind physics have long used plasma fluid models to motivate physical explanations of observations; the hypothesized model is introduced into a fluid simulation to see if observations are reproduced. This procedure is called Verification of Mechanism (VoM) modeling; it is contingent on the self consistency of the closure that made the simulation possible. Inner corona VoMs typically assume weak gradient Spitzer─Braginskii closures. Four prominent coronal VoMs in place for decades are shown to contradict their closure hypotheses, demonstrably shaping coronal and solar wind research. These findings have been possible since 1953. This unchallenged evolution is worth understanding, so that similarly flawed VoMs do not continue to mislead new research. As a first step in t. . .
Date: 11/2019 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab48e0 Available at:
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