Found 6 results
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Filters: Author is Whittlesey, Phyllis L.  [Clear All Filters]
2020
Authors: Nieves-Chinchilla Teresa, Szabo Adam, Korreck Kelly E., Alzate Nathalia, Balmaceda Laura A., et al.
Title: Analysis of the Internal Structure of the Streamer Blowout Observed by the Parker Solar Probe During the First Solar Encounter
Abstract:

In this paper, we present an analysis of the internal structure of a coronal mass ejection (CME) detected by in situ instruments on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft during its first solar encounter. On 2018 November 11 at 23:53 UT, the FIELDS magnetometer measured an increase in strength of the magnetic field as well as a coherent change in the field direction. The SWEAP instrument simultaneously detected a low proton temperature and signatures of bidirectionality in the electron pitch angle distribution (PAD). These signatures are indicative of a CME embedded in the slow solar wind. Operating in conjunction with PSP was the STEREO A spacecraft, which enabled the remote observation of a streamer blowout by the SECCHI suite of instruments. The source at the Sun of the slow a. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 63 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f5 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f5
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Authors: Krupar Vratislav, Szabo Adam, Maksimovic Milan, Kruparova Oksana, Kontar Eduard P., et al.
Title: Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind Based on Type III Radio Bursts Observed by Parker Solar Probe
Abstract:

Radio waves are strongly scattered in the solar wind, so that their apparent sources seem to be considerably larger and shifted than the actual ones. Since the scattering depends on the spectrum of density turbulence, a better understanding of the radio wave propagation provides indirect information on the relative density fluctuations, ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩ ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩ , at the effective turbulence scale length. Here, we analyzed 30 type III bursts detected by Parker Solar Probe (PSP). For the first time, we retrieved type III burst decay times, τ d  τd , between 1 and 10 MHz thanks to an unparalleled temporal resolution of PSP. We observed a significant deviation in a power-law slope for frequencies above 1 MHz. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 57 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd
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Authors: Vech Daniel, Kasper Justin C., Klein Kristopher G., Huang Jia, Stevens Michael L., et al.
Title: Kinetic-scale Spectral Features of Cross Helicity and Residual Energy in the Inner Heliosphere
Abstract:

In this work, we present the first results from the flux angle (FA) operation mode of the Faraday Cup instrument on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The FA mode allows rapid measurements of phase space density fluctuations close to the peak of the proton velocity distribution function with a cadence of 293 Hz. This approach provides an invaluable tool for understanding kinetic-scale turbulence in the solar wind and solar corona. We describe a technique to convert the phase space density fluctuations into vector velocity components and compute several turbulence parameters, such as spectral index, residual energy, and cross helicity during two intervals when the FA mode was used in PSP's first encounter at 0.174 au distance from the Sun.


Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 52 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab60a2 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab60a2
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Authors: Badman Samuel T., Bale Stuart D., Oliveros Juan C. Martín, Panasenco Olga, Velli Marco, et al.
Title: Magnetic Connectivity of the Ecliptic Plane within 0.5 au: Potential Field Source Surface Modeling of the First Parker Solar Probe Encounter
Abstract:

We compare magnetic field measurements taken by the FIELDS instrument on board Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first solar encounter to predictions obtained by potential field source surface (PFSS) modeling. Ballistic propagation is used to connect the spacecraft to the source surface. Despite the simplicity of the model, our results show striking agreement with PSP's first observations of the heliospheric magnetic field from ̃0.5 au (107.5 R) down to 0.16 au (35.7 R). Further, we show the robustness of the agreement is improved both by allowing the photospheric input to the model to vary in time, and by advecting the field from PSP down to the PFSS model domain using in situ PSP/Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons measurements of the solar wind spee. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 23 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4da7 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab4da7
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Authors: Réville Victor, Velli Marco, Panasenco Olga, Tenerani Anna, Shi Chen, et al.
Title: The Role of Alfvén Wave Dynamics on the Large-scale Properties of the Solar Wind: Comparing an MHD Simulation with Parker Solar Probe E1 Data
Abstract:

During Parker Solar Probe's first orbit, the solar wind plasma was observed in situ closer than ever before, the perihelion on 2018 November 6 revealing a flow that is constantly permeated by large-amplitude Alfvénic fluctuations. These include radial magnetic field reversals, or switchbacks, that seem to be a persistent feature of the young solar wind. The measurements also reveal a very strong, unexpected, azimuthal velocity component. In this work, we numerically model the solar corona during this first encounter, solving the MHD equations and accounting for Alfvén wave transport and dissipation. We find that the large-scale plasma parameters are well reproduced, allowing the computation of the solar wind sources at Probe with confidence. We try to understand the dynamical nature o. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 24 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4fef Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab4fef
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Authors: de Wit Thierry Dudok, Krasnoselskikh Vladimir V., Bale Stuart D., Bonnell John W., Bowen Trevor A., et al.
Title: Switchbacks in the Near-Sun Magnetic Field: Long Memory and Impact on the Turbulence Cascade
Abstract:

One of the most striking observations made by Parker Solar Probe during its first solar encounter is the omnipresence of rapid polarity reversals in a magnetic field that is otherwise mostly radial. These so-called switchbacks strongly affect the dynamics of the magnetic field. We concentrate here on their macroscopic properties. First, we find that these structures are self-similar, and have neither a characteristic magnitude, nor a characteristic duration. Their waiting time statistics show evidence of aggregation. The associated long memory resides in their occurrence rate, and is not inherent to the background fluctuations. Interestingly, the spectral properties of inertial range turbulence differ inside and outside of switchback structures; in the latter the 1/f range extends to hi. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 39 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5853 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab5853
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