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Filters: Author is Matthaeus, William H.  [Clear All Filters]
Authors: Chhiber Rohit, Usmanov Arcadi V., Matthaeus William H., and Goldstein Melvyn L.
Title: Contextual Predictions for the Parker Solar Probe . I. Critical Surfaces and Regions

The solar corona and young solar wind may be characterized by critical surfaces—the sonic, Alfvén, and first plasma-β unity surfaces—that demarcate regions where the solar wind flow undergoes certain crucial transformations. Global numerical simulations and remote sensing observations offer a natural mode for the study of these surfaces at large scales, thus providing valuable context for the high-resolution in situ measurements expected from the recently launched Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The present study utilizes global three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of the solar wind to characterize the critical surfaces and investigate the flow in propinquitous regions. Effects of solar activity are incorporated by varying source magnetic dipole tilts and employing ma. . .
Date: 03/2019 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 11 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab0652 Available at:
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Authors: Pecora Francesco, Greco Antonella, Hu Qiang, Servidio Sergio, Chasapis Alexandros G., et al.
Title: Single-spacecraft Identification of Flux Tubes and Current Sheets in the Solar Wind

A novel technique is presented for describing and visualizing the local topology of the magnetic field using single-spacecraft data in the solar wind. The approach merges two established techniques: the Grad─Shafranov (GS) reconstruction method, which provides a plausible regional two-dimensional magnetic field surrounding the spacecraft trajectory, and the Partial Variance of Increments (PVI) technique that identifies coherent magnetic structures, such as current sheets. When applied to one month of Wind magnetic field data at 1 minute resolution, we find that the quasi-two-dimensional turbulence emerges as a sea of magnetic islands and current sheets. Statistical analysis confirms that current sheets associated with high values of PVI are mostly located between and within the GS mag. . .
Date: 08/2019 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L11 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab32d9 Available at:
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