Radio Signature of a Distant behind-the-limb CME on 2017 September 6

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Abstract
We discuss properties of a Type IV burst, which was observed on 2017 September 6, as a result of the powerful flare X 9.3. At decameter wavelengths this burst was observed by the radio telescopes STEREO A, URAN-2, and the Nancay Decameter Array at frequencies 5-35 MHz. This moving Type IV burst was associated with a coronal mass ejection (CME) propagating in the southwest direction with a speed of 1570 km s(-1). The maximum radio flux of this burst was about 300 s.f.u. and the polarization was more than 40\%. In the frequency range of 8-33 MHz it continued for more than 2 hr. For STEREO A the associated CME was behind the limb, and its longitudinal angle was about 160 degrees. This moving Type IV burst was observed by STEREO A at frequencies of 5-15 MHz in spite of the low sensitivity of STEREO A. This means that the radio emission directivity of a Type IV burst is rather wide. Assuming the plasma mechanism of Type IV radio emission we derived the plasma density distribution in the CME core at distances of 5.6 R-s and 9.8 R-s (R-s is the solar radius), and its mass to be about 10(16) g. It is planned that the minimum perihelion of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft will be at about 9 R-s. So we discuss in what conditions PSP will be in if it crosses a similar CME core.
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volume
905
Number
Number of Pages
10
Date Published
12/2020
ISSN Number
0004-637X
DOI
10.3847/1538-4357/abbfb3