The Solar Probe ANalyzers\textemdashElectrons on the <i>Parker Solar Probe</i>

Author
Keywords
Abstract
<p>Electrostatic analyzers of different designs have been used since the earliest days of the space age, beginning with the very earliest solar-wind measurements made by Mariner 2 en route to Venus in 1962. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission, NASA\textquoterights first dedicated mission to study the innermost reaches of the heliosphere, makes its thermal plasma measurements using a suite of instruments called the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) investigation. SWEAP\textquoterights electron PSP Analyzer (Solar Probe ANalyzer-Electron (SPAN-E)) instruments are a pair of top-hat electrostatic analyzers on PSP that are capable of measuring the electron distribution function in the solar wind from 2 eV to 30 keV. For the first time, in situ measurements of thermal electrons provided by SPAN-E will help reveal the heating and acceleration mechanisms driving the evolution of the solar wind at the points of acceleration and heating, closer than ever before to the Sun. This paper details the design of the SPAN-E sensors and their operation, data formats, and measurement caveats from PSP\textquoterights first two close encounters with the Sun.</p>
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Volume
246
Number
Number of Pages
74
Date Published
02/2020
URL
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370/pdf
DOI
10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370