Energetic Particle Observations from the <i>Parker Solar Probe</i> Using Combined Energy Spectra from the IS⊙IS Instrument Suite

Author
Keywords
Abstract
<p>The Integrated Science Investigations of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite includes two Energetic Particle instruments: EPI-Hi, designed to measure ions from ̃1 to 200 MeV nuc<sup>-1</sup>, and EPI-Lo, designed to measure ions from ̃20 to ̃15 MeV nuc<sup>-1</sup>. We present an analysis of eight energetic proton events observed across the energy range of both instruments during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first two orbits in order to examine their combined energy spectra. Background corrections are applied to help resolve spectral breaks between the two instruments and are shown to be effective. In doing so we demonstrate that even in the early stages of calibration, IS☉IS is capable of producing reliable spectral observations across broad energy ranges. In addition to making groundbreaking measurements very near the Sun, IS☉IS also characterizes energetic particle populations over a range of heliocentric distances inside 1 au. During the first two orbits, IS☉IS observed energetic particle events from a single corotating interaction region (CIR) at three different distances from the Sun. The events are separated by two Carrington rotations and just 0.11 au in distance; however, the relationship shown between proton intensities and proximity of the spacecraft to the source region shows evidence of the importance of transport effects on observations of energetic particles from CIRs. Future IS☉IS observations of similar events over larger distances will help disentangle the effects of CIR-related acceleration and transport. We apply similar spectral analyses to the remaining five events, including four that are likely related to stream interaction regions (SIRs) and one solar energetic particle (SEP) event.</p>
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Volume
246
Number
Number of Pages
41
Date Published
02/2020
URL
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab5948
DOI
10.3847/1538-4365/ab5948