Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind Based on Type III Radio Bursts Observed by <i>Parker Solar Probe</i>

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Keywords
Abstract
<p>Radio waves are strongly scattered in the solar wind, so that their apparent sources seem to be considerably larger and shifted than the actual ones. Since the scattering depends on the spectrum of density turbulence, a better understanding of the radio wave propagation provides indirect information on the relative density fluctuations, <em>ϵ</em>=⟨<em>δ</em><em>n</em>⟩/⟨<em>n</em>⟩\&nbsp;ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩ , at the effective turbulence scale length. Here, we analyzed 30 type III bursts detected by Parker Solar Probe (PSP). For the first time, we retrieved type III burst decay times, <em>τ</em>\&nbsp;d\&nbsp;\&nbsp;τd , between 1 and 10 MHz thanks to an unparalleled temporal resolution of PSP. We observed a significant deviation in a power-law slope for frequencies above 1 MHz when compared to previous measurements below 1 MHz by the twin-spacecraft Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) mission. We note that altitudes of radio bursts generated at 1 MHz roughly coincide with an expected location of the Alfv\ en point, where the solar wind becomes super-Alfv\ enic. By comparing PSP observations and Monte Carlo simulations, we predict relative density fluctuations, ∊, at the effective turbulence scale length at radial distances between 2.5 and 14 <em>R</em>\&nbsp;⊙\&nbsp;\&nbsp;R⊙ to range from 0.22 to 0.09. Finally, we calculated relative density fluctuations, ∊, measured in situ by PSP at a radial distance from the Sun of 35.7 <em>R</em>\&nbsp;⊙\&nbsp;\&nbsp;R⊙ during perihelion $\#$1, and perihelion $\#$2 to be 0.07 and 0.06, respectively. It is in a very good agreement with previous STEREO predictions ( <em>ϵ</em>=0.06\textendash0.07\&nbsp;ϵ=0.06\textendash0.07 ) obtained by remote measurements of radio sources generated at this radial distance.</p>
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Volume
246
Number
Number of Pages
57
Date Published
02/2020
URL
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd
DOI
10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd